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MINUTES 



OF , 



East Hanover Presbytery 



Adjourned Meeting, July 28, 1930. 
Fall Meeting, October 13, 1930. 

Adjourned Meeting, November 17, 1930. 



Div.Sch 

BX 

8958 

.H36 
P747 
1930 
July/ 
Nov. 




II RICHMOND PRESS, INC., PRINTERS 



RICHMOND: 

iSS, II 

1930 



3A 



MINUTES 



. OF 



East Hanover Presbytery 



Adjourned Meeting, July 28, 1930. 
Fall Meeting, October 13, 1930. 

Adjourned Meeting, November 17, 1930. 



RICHMOND: 

RICHMON'D PRESS, INC., PRINTERS 
1930 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/minutesofeasthan1930pres 



Adjourned Meeting 

July 28, 1930. 

East Hanover Presbytery met in the Presbyterian Publish- 
ing House in Richmond, Va., at 11 A. M., pursuant to the call 
of the Moderator. Rev. D. T. Caldwell, the last Moderator 
present, presided, and the meeting was opened with prayer. 

There were present : 

Ministers — J. S. Albertson, G. C. Bellingrath, William S. Camp- 
bell, W. L. Carson, J. E. Cook, S. O. Coxe, J. C. Faw, R. M. Hall, 
W. E. Hill, C. L. King, R. V. Lancaster, C. A. McGirt, J. A. Mac- 
Lean, W. T. Mann, Michaux Raine, Abner Robertson, D. P. Rogers, 
M. B. Wyatt, D. T. Caldwell. 

Ruling Elders — J. A. Millard, W. F. Stevenson, D. K. Kellogg. 

The call was found in order, and is as follows : 

July 18, 1930. 
The constitutional requirements having been met, East Han- 
over Presbytery is hereby called to meet at the Library Room of 
Publication Building, Monday, July 28th, 11 A. M. to transact the 
following business: 

1. To consider the request of Licentiate Thomas C. Cook for 
certificate of dismission to Concord Presbytery N. C in order that 
he may accept a call from the Second Presbyterian Church of Salis- 
bury, N. C. 

2. To attend to any matter growing out of this. 

N. L. DENNIS, Moderator. 

Licentiate Thomas C. Cook asked that he be dismissed to 
Concord Presbytery, and his request was granted. 

The minutes were read and approved, and Presbytery ad- 
journed with prayer. 

WM. S. CAMPBELL. 

Stated Clerk. 



Fall Meeting 

October 13, 1930. 

East Hanover Presbytery met at Blackstone Presbyterian 
Church at 8 P. M. At the request of the Moderator, Rev. N. L. 
Dennis, the pastor of the church, Rev. Edward Mack preached 
the opening sermon, in commemoration of the 175th anniver- 
sary of the organization of Hanover Presbytery. (See Appen- 
dix.) 

Attendance: The following members of Presbytery were 
present (figures following names indicate day of enrollment 
after the first day) : 

Ministers — J. S. Albertson, W. W. Bain, G. C. Bellingrath, M. C. 
Bowling, D. T. Caldwell, William S. Campbell, IW. L. Carson (2), 
J. E. Cook, S. O. Coxe (2), T. K. Currie, N. L. Dennis, J. S. Duck- 
wall, J. C. Faw, Hugh Fitzpatrick, R. M. Hall, J. E. Hemphill, W. E. 
Hill, C. L. King, R. A. Lapsley, Edward Mack, A. Makovsky (2), 
W. T. McDonald (2), C. A. McGirt, J. A. MacLean (2), A. B. Mont- 
gomery (2), S. R. Prince, Abner Robertson, D. P. Rogers, J. C. 
Shive (2), G. C. Swedburg (2), E. T. Thompson (2), R. E. Watts 
(2), M. B. Wyatt — 3 3. 

Ministers Excused — A. Y. Beatie, R. B. Eberly, A. J. Hodgin, 
A. J. Kissling — 4. 

Foreign Missionaries Not Present — J. M. Blain, H. T. Bridg- 
man, P. W. Buchanan, W. McS. Buchanan, A. P. Hassell, W. A. Mc- 
Ilwaine, J. L. Stuart, E. D. Torres — 8. 

Ministers Not Present — J. R. C. Brown, O. E. Buchholz, C. A. 
Campbell, Lowry Davis, Juan Orts Gonzales, J. B. Gordon, M. B. 
Heizer, R. V. Lancaster, Richard V. Lancaster, H. A. Lewis, W. T. 
Mann, T. M. Minor, Philip Nathans, M. B. Porter, Michaux Raine, 
W. H. Stuart — 16. Total, 61. 

Ruling Elders Present — Amelia Church, J. G. Jefferson, Jr. 
(2); Ashland, Nat Lancaster; Blackstone, C. H. Hardy; Brunsw r ick, 
R. Lee Chambliss (2); Burkeville, W. A. Sellers; Colonial Heights, 
T. O. Williams (2); Emporia, W. T. Tillar (2); Fairmount, C. H. 
Jarvis; Forest Hill, G. R. Maloney (2); Fulton, E. L. Faber (2); 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 5 

Genito, P. H. Knabe (2); Ginter Park, J. E. Pleasants; Grace- 
Covenant, J. Scott Parrish; Grove Avenue, P. C. Holladay; Hawkins 
Memorial, J. E. Talley (3); Lakeside, R. E. Shore; Laurel, W. F. 
Stevenson; Mizpah, F. F. Rennie; Namozine, E. W. Allen; Over- 
brook, W. M. Cease; Petersburg, iSecond, H. R. Smith; Petersburg, 
Third, E. H. Turnes (2); Porter Street, J. W. Blunt (2); Provi- 
dence, R. G. Porter (2); Pryor Memorial, J. H. Fitzgerald; Rich- 
mond, First, R. H. Norment; Richmond, Second, S. B. Love; Rich- 
mond, Third, S. D. Craig; St. James, J. M. Lacy; Samuel Davies, 
C. F. Parsley (2); Tabb Street, A. D. Hamilton; Westminster, G. A. 
Warthen (2) — 3 2. 

Churches Not Represented — Aberdour, Bardwell, Bethany, Bon 
Air, Bott Memorial, Brett-Reed, Byrd, Campbell Memorial, Cen- 
tralia, Chester, Drewry's Bluff, Fairfield, First Czechoslovak, Fred- 
ericksburg, Granite, Hebron, Hoge Memorial, Hopewell, King's 
Chapel, Lawrenceville, Milden, Milford, Montrose, Nottoway, Old 
Street, Olivet, Quinton, Read Memorial, Roseneath, Sandston, Union, 
Wesley, West End, Windsor Shades — 3 4. Total, 66. 

Visiting Brethren — Rev. R. L. Alter, D. D., Butler Presbytery, 
U. S. A.; Rev. J. E. Bear and Rev. J. E. Booker, D. D., Lexington 
Presbytery; Rev. H. S. Morgan, of Roanoke Presbytery. 

Organization: Ruling Elder J. Scott Parrish was elected 
Moderator, and Ruling Elder J. E. Pleasants was elected 
Assistant Clerk. 

Ministers Dismissed: At their own request Rev. R. D. 
Bedinger was dismissed to Central Mississippi Presbytery, and 
Rev. R. J. Black was dismissed to Carlisle Presbytery, U. S. A. 

Hours of Session were suggested by the committee of 
arrangements : Presbytery to convene at 9 A.M.; take recess 
at 12 :30 P. M. ; reconvene at 2 P.M.; take recess at 5 :30 P. M. ; 
reconvene at 8 P. M., and adjourn at will, and these hours 
were adopted. 

Rev. Edward Mack was given a unanimous vote of thanks 
by rising for the address he had just delivered. 

Presbytery adjourned until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, 
and was closed with prayer. 



6 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

SECOND DAY, OCTOBER 14TH— MORNING SESSION. 

Presbytery reconvened at 9 A. M., and was opened with 
devotional exercises, conducted by Rev. J. E. Hemphill. 

Standing Committees were appointed by the Moderator as 
follows : 

Bills and Overtures — Rev. X. L. Dennis, Rev. D. P. Rogers, 
R. H. Norment. 

Minutes of Synod — Rev. J. C. Faw, Rev. Abner Robertson, 
P. C. Halladay. 

Minutes of Presbytery — Rev. M. B. Wyatt, Rev. S. R. Prince, 
W. F. Stevenson. 

Finance — Rev. S. O. Coxe, Rev. G. C. Bellingrath, J. E. 
Pleasants. 

Presbyterial Sermon — Rev. D. T. Caldwell, Rev. Edward Mack. 
C. H. Hardy. 

Time and Place of Next Meeting — Rev. J. E. Cook, Rev. T. K. 
Currie, S. D. Craig. 

Resolutions — A. D. Hamilton, Rev. J. S. Albertson, W. M. Cease. 

Certificates of Dismission were received as follows : From 
Granville Presbytery dismissing Rev. G. L. Cooper to this 
Presbytery, and one from Western Texas Presbytery, dismiss- 
ing Rev. E. B. Paisley, D. D. The consideration of these cer- 
tificates was made the special order for 2 P. M. to-day. 

Rev. A. J. Kissling, at his own request, was permitted to 
study outside of the bounds of the Presbytery for a year. 

F. N. Wilson: A communication was received from Licen- 
tiate F. N. AVilson asking that he be given a letter of dis- 
mission to Concord Presbytery, and his request was granted. 

Porter Street Church: A communication was presented 
from Porter Street Church, asking permission of Presbytery 
to withdraw a petition, which it had presented at the Spring 
Meeting of 1929, in regard to changing the name of the 
church, and also asking the Presbj^tery for financial aid. The 
first request was granted, and the second was referred to 
the Presbytery's Committee on Home Missions. 

Change of Pastorates: A communication was received from 
Rev. S. L. Morris, D. D.. Chairman of the General Assembly's 



MINUTES OP EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 7 

Ad Interim Committee on the Change of Pastorates, and it 
was referred to a committee consisting of Rev. Edward Mack, 
Rev. J. A. MacLean, Rev. G. C. Swedburg. 

Rev. J. L. Stuart: A communication was received from 
Rev. J. L. Stuart giving some account of his work in China. 
It was referred to the Committee on Foreign Missions. 

Stewardship: A communication in regard to Stewardship 
was received from Rev. R. C. Long, D. D., General Assembly's 
Secretary of Stewardship, and it was referred to the Commit- 
tee on Stewardship. 

Country Church: A communication concerning country 
church work was received from Rev. H. W. McLaughlin, D. D., 
the General Assembly 's Director of Country Church Work, and 
it was referred to the Committee on Country Church Work. 

Missionary Congress : A communication was received from 
Rev. C. D. Fulton, D. D., Secretary of Foreign Missions, in 
regard to the Missionary Congress to be held next February 
in Chattanooga, Tenn. It was referred to the Committee on 
Foreign Missions. 

Rev. A. Y. Beatie asked permission to labor outside of the 
bounds of the Presbytery until the next Spring Meeting, and 
his request was granted. 

Treasurer of Benevolences: The report of the Treasurer 
of Benevolences was presented, and was referred to the Finance 
Committee. 

Rev. W. T. Mann: The commission appointed to install 
Rev. W. T. Mann, pastor of Grove Avenue Church, made the 
following report, which was approved : 

The commission appointed by East Hanover Presbytery to in- 
stall Rev. W. T. Mann pastor of the Grove Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, met in the Grove Avenue Presbyterian Church, Sunday, 
June 1, 1930, at 11 o'clock, and opened its meeting with prayer. 

Present were: Rev. George C. Bellingrath, Rev. A. B. Mont- 
gomery, Elder John H. Reed and Rev. O. E. Buchholz. Rev. J. A. 
MaoLean was absent, due to sickness. Rev. O. E. Buchholz was 
elected clerk of the commission. 



8 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

Dr. Bellingrath presided, preached the sermon, propounded the 
constitutional questions and pronounced Rev. W. T. Mann installed 
as pastor of the Grove Avenue Presbyterian Church. Rev. O. E. 
Buchholz delivered the charge to the pastor, and Rev. A. B. Mont- 
gomery delivered the charge to the congregation. 

The minutes were approved and the commission adjourned 
with prayer. 

O. E. BUCHHOLZ, Clerk. 

Rev. Hugh Fitzpatrick: The commission to install Rev. 
Hugh Fitzpatrick pastor of Namozine and Hawkins Memorial 
Churches made the following report, which was approved : 

The commission met with the Hebron congregation of the 
Namozine Church, June 22, 1930, at 11 A. M., and was constituted 
with prayer. Present, Revs. Michaux Raine and D. P. Rogers. 

Mr. Rogers was appointed clerk. The commission then pro- 
ceeded to the installation service. Mr. Raine presided, preached 
the sermon and propounded the constitutional questions, and Mr. 
Rogers charged both pastor and people. 

Rev. Hugh Fitzpatrick was then declared to be duly elected 
and installed pastor of the Namozine Church, "agreeably to the 
Word of God and according to the constitution of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States." Recessed until 3:30 P. M. At 3:30 
P. M. the commission reconvened at Hawkins Memorial Church, 
where the same program was followed, and Rev. Hugh Fitzpatrick 
was duly installed pastor of the Hawkins Memorial Church. The 
records were then approved and the commission adjourned with 
prayer. 

D. P. ROGERS, Clerk. 

Hanover Presbytery: The following paper was presented 
by Rev. Edward Mack, and was adopted by Presbytery: 

The Presbytery of East Hanover puts on grateful record this 
memorial of the organization of Hanover Presbytery one hundred 
and seventy-five years ago. Order for its erection was taken by 
the Synod of New York on October 3, 1755. The actual organi- 
zation was effected, in accordance with that order, on December 3, 
1755, in the Hanover County Presbyterian Meeting House. The 
following ministers were set apart from the New Castle Presbytery, 
to constitute, with their elders, the new Presbytery: Samuel Davies. 
John Todd, Alexander Craighead, Robert Henry, John Wright and 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 9 

John Brown. The elders present were Samuel Morris, Alexander 
Joice, John Malloy. 

This Presbytery gives grateful expression to its appreciation 
of and veneration for the brave and devoted men, who laid the 
foundations of Southern Presbyterianism through the organization 
of Hanover Presbytery. It also hereby records its gratitude to the 
Great Head of the Church for His rich and wide-reaching blessings 
on the lives and labors of our predecessors in this and adjoining 
Commonwealths. 

Our prayer is that we may be so loyal to the memory of their 
courageous and wise beginnings, and so faithful to their and our 
Lord, that the remaining twenty-five years of these two hundred 
years of Hanover's service may be filled with gracious and con- 
tinuous revival throughout the wide borders, which at first consti- 
tuted this Presbytery. 

Rev. Philip Nathans: The committee to which had been 
referred the case of Rev. Philip Nathans made a verbal report, 
giving what information it had secured. Presbytery directed 
the committee to prepare a citation directing Mr. Nathans 
to appear before Presbytery to explain certain matters con- 
nected with his conduct. 

Dr. J. D. Eggleston, president of Hampden- Sydney College, 
addressed the Presbytery in the interests of the college and 
its work. The address was referred to the Committee on 
Christian Education for response. 

Presbyterial Sermon: Rev. Charles L. King preached the 
Presbyterial Sermon on the "Seat of Authority in Religion", 
taking as his text John 2:5. Following the sermon the Lord's 
Supper was administered by Rev. AY. AY. Bain and Rev. R. M. 
Hall. 

Recess was taken until 2 P. M. 

SECOND DAY— AFTERNOON SESSION. 

Presbytery reconvened at 2 P. M. 

Ministers Received: The certificates of dismission of Rev. 
E. B. Paisley and Rev. G. L. Cooper were found in order, 
and Presbytery examined them on experimental religion, and 
their views touching theology and church government. These 
examinations were sustained as satisfactory. They were 



10 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

directed to sign the usual obligations, and they were enrolled. 

Rev. G. L. Cooper: A call from the Overbrook Church for 
the pastoral services of Rev. G. L. Cooper, promising him a 
salary of three thousand two hundred and fifty dollars a year, 
was presented, and was found in order. It was placed in 
his hands, and was accepted by him, and the following com- 
mission was appointed to install him on October 26th at 8 P. M., 
any four members to constitute a quorum : Rev. Edward 
Mack, to preside and propound the constitutional questions; 
Rev. C. L. King, to preach the sermon ; Rev. W. E. Hill, to 
deliver the charge to the pastor; Rev. M. B. Porter, to de- 
liver the charge to the people, and Ruling Elders S. B. Love, 
J. H. Reed, W. M. Cease. 

Ministerial Obligations : A committee, consisting of Rev. 
R. A. Lapsley, Rev. D. P. Rogers, Rev. W. E. Hill, was ap- 
pointed to consider and report on the interpretation of the 
law of the Book of Church Order in regard to ministers sign- 
ing the ministerial obligations in changing from one Presby- 
tery to another. 

Foreign Missions: The Committee on Foreign Missions 
presented its report. Pending its consideration, an address 
was delivered by Rev. J. E. Bear, of the China Mission, on 
work in that country. The report was adopted, and it is 
as follows : 

The Foreign Mission report we herewith submit is one of abso- 
lutely vital importance. In view of the facts to be presented, this 
Presbytery must take some definite action. 

On the foreign field the work is successful beyond precedent. 
Mission reports show an unparalleled willingness, and often eager- 
ness, to hear the Gospel. Especially in war-torn, bandit-ravaged 
China the people's extremity is proving God's opportunity. The 
Foreign Mission Committee has just received a most urgent letter 
from the North Kiangsu Mission, dated July 11, begging for fifteen 
more evangelistic misfionaries, five more doctors, and three more 
nurses, and saying: 

•'In every station our present force is working to the limit of 
strength. Yet in our Mission are tens of thousands of absolutely 
untouched towns and villages, a large number of walled cities of 
from 25,000 to 100,000, in which no work is done, for lack of 
force to do the work. In one field, within a small area, there 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY \\ 

are 5,000 villages, and in only 150 are there Christians living. In 
another field a missionary from one road counted in a distance 
of seven miles 256 untouched villages. We urge the necessity of 
large re-enforcements. 

"The mass of the common people have never seemed as willing 
to listen to the Gospel message as now." 

Turning from the work abroad to the situation at home, we 
note a startling contrast. For two and a half years receipts for 
the regular work have been steadily falling. Year before last they 
were the smallest in seven years. Last year they were smaller 
still. Up to August 1st of this current year they are $16,716 smaller 
even than last year's receipts to the same date. 

This decline is mainly due to the fact that five-sixths of the 
Presbyteries have been reducing more and more their percentage 
allotments to the Assembly causes in order to answer the appeals 
of the more near-by causes in Synod, Presbytery and local church. 
For this current year three-fourths of the Synods, including the 
strongest Synods, have cut their allotted apportionments to Assem- 
bly causes by more than half a million dollars, apportioning the 
remainder to their Presbyteries. These Presbyteries are sadly apt 
in their turn to make additional cuts, before apportioning to their 
local churches. And the local churches in their turn are only too 
apt to follow the example of their higher courts. Thus the great 
missionary work of our Church is being surely and swiftly strangled. 

As regards the Foreign Mission cause, the difficulty due to 
dwindling receipts is augmented by the fact that in recent years 
the cost of everything that enters into Foreign Mission work has 
risen 25 per cent. 

To meet this double difficulty our missionary force has been 
reduced from 516 to 425, a loss of 91. 

But the question may be asked, Is not our Foreign Mission 
work as at present conducted too big for our Church? This ques- 
tion is answered by the fact that the actual cost of the regular 
work for this current year, $1,217,629, is almost exactly the same 
as the average annual receipts for the regular work for the last 
seven years, showing that the work is not beyond the accustomed 
Foreign Mission giving of our people, to say nothing of what they 
are able to give. 

Unless Synods, Presbyteries and local churches increase their 
Foreign Mission percentages and gifts, the work cannot be sus- 
tained. The sharp decline of the last two and a half years has 
so undermined its support that unless receipts take a tremendous 
upward turn before next April 1st there will be required the most 
drastic Foreign Mission cut ever known in our Church's history. 

Shall our Lord's work be drastically cut, or our Church's gifts 



12 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

greatly increased? That is the question for the Presbytery to de- 
cide. We set before you the facts and ask for action. 

To use a Bible figure, there is your Foreign Mission work, un- 
precedentedly successful and blessed of God, yet, because of our 
Church's dwindling gifts, wounded, bleeding, growing steadily 
weaker and weaker. 

Many subjects will come before you at this meeting. Among 
them, is this subject worth the serious consideration of the Pres- 
bytery? Nay, is any other subject more worthy of its serious 
consideration? Our sainted forefathers, those great men of that 
first General Assembly of our Church, whom we may vision as 
seated with us today, put it as follows: 

"The General Assembly desires distinctly and' deliberately to 
inscribe on our Church's banner, as she now first unfurls it to 
the world, in immediate connection with the headship of her Lord, 
His last command, 'Go ye into all the world and preach the Gospel 
to every creature', regarding this as the great end of her organiza- 
tion, and obedience to it, as the indispensable condition of her 
Lord's promised presence." 

We recommend: 

1. That the Presbytery appoint the following committee, H. H. 
Wells, S. B. Love and George C. Howell, to be charged with the 
responsibility of creating interest in and of procuring a large repre- 
sentation from this Presbytery to the Chattanooga Foreign Missions 
Congress. 

2. That special prayer be offered by the members of this Pres- 
bytery and all the members of the churches for the blessing of 
God upon the Foreign Missions Congress. 

J. A. MacLEAN, Jr., Chairman. 

C. E. and M. R. : The Committee on Christian Educatiorj 
and Ministerial Relief made the following report, which was 
adopted : 

The Permanent Committee of Christian Education and Minis- 
terial Relief beg to report: 

The following papers and matters have been referred to us: 
The address of Dr. J. D. Eggleston, president of Hampden-Sydney 
College; a communication from Rev. Dr. H. H. Sweets; an appli- 
cation from Mr. M. O. Sommers for licensure at this time. 

1. The Presbytery expresses to Dr. Eggleston its sincere appre- 
ciation of his informing and inspiring address. It assures him of 
its joy in the success of his administration, and in the growing 
influence of the college on the religious life of our field of life and 
work, while at the same time maintaining its high standard of 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 13 

educational excellence. The Presbytery exhorts the churches to meet 
fully their obligations to this essential institution. 

2. In response to a request from Dr. Sweets that this Pres- 
bytery give consideration at this time to the Ministers' Annuity 
Fund, we recommend that the present time is inopportune for 
the renewal of our effort to press this important cause, because 
of the general depression, deepened locally by the unprecedented 
drought. 

3. In answer to Dr. Sweet's appeal for more care by Presbytery 
in receiving candidates, or ministers by transfer, who may come 
too soon on the roll of Ministerial Relief, the Presbytery directs 
that all such applications for admission to Presbytery, as well as 
those to be taken under care of Presbytery, be thoroughly in- 
vestigated by the Permanent Committee of Christian Education 
and Ministerial Relief, before being presented to Presbytery. 

4. We recommend that Presbytery do now proceed to the 
examination of Mr. M. O. Sommers for licensure. 

M. 0. Sommers: It was made the first order of the day 
for to-morrow morning to consider the application of Mr. M. 0. 
Sommers for licensure. 

Orphans' Home: Rev. William Megginson, Superinten- 
dent of the Synod's Orphans' Home, addressed the Synod on 
the work and needs of that institution. 

The following resolution was adopted by the Presbytery : 

"Presbytery requests all of its churches, as far as possible, 
to arrange for religious services on Thanksgiving Day, and to give 
full information concerning the condition and needs at the Orphans' 
Home at Lynchburg to their people, and receive their offerings 
for this cause. Any churches that cannot make their offerings 
for the relief of the orphans on Thanksgiving Day, are requested 
to do so in the Sunday school or church on the last Sunday in 
November." 

Northern Neck: The Commission to Visit the Northern 
Neck made its report, which was approved, and is as follows: 

The commission appointed by East Hanover Presbytery to visit 
the territory of the Northern Neck to study the conditions and 
make such adjustments, if any be necessary, that may aid in the 
development of our Church in that section, was constituted with 
prayer in Richmond, Va., October 6, 1930, at 11 A. M. 

Those present were: Rev. D. T. Caldwell, chairman; Rev. 
S. O. Coxe, Rev. J. C. Faw, Rev. Charles L. King, D. D., Rev. Charles 
A. McGirt and Elder F. M. Conner. 



14 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

Several conferences were held by members of the commission 
with Rev. R. B. Eberly, and with officers of the churches con- 
cerned since the commission made its last report to Presbytery. 
There have come into the hands of the commission the resignation 
of Rev. R. B. Eberly as pastor of the Campbell Memorial Church, 
Weems, Va., the Milden Church, Sharps, Va., and the Wesley Church 
near Weems, Va., and the commission has also received communi- 
cations from these churches stating the action of the churches on 
the resignation of Mr. Eberly to these congregations. 

In view of all the facts presented to the commission it recom- 
mends that the Presbytery dissolve the pastoral relationship be- 
tween Mr. Eberly and these churches. However, the commission 
would make it clear that there has not been the slightest reflec- 
tion on the character of Mr. Eberly in the whole matter. 

Feeling that its work has been finished the commission asks 
to be discharged by the Presbytery. 

The minutes were read and approved, and the commission ad- 
journed with prayer. 

C. A. McGIRT, Secretary. 

D. T. CALDWELL, Chairman. 

The following committee was appointed to advise with and 
aid the Campbell Memorial, Milden and Wesley Churches in 
securing a new pastor : Rev. R. A. Lapsley, Rev. M. B. Wyatt, 
W. R, Hill: 

Dr. Lapsley was appointed to visit the churches, preach for 
them and declare the pulpits vacant. 

Rev. R. B. Eberly: The Stated Clerk was directed to write 
to Rev. R. B. Eberly expressing to him the good will of the 
Presbytery, and the desire of all of its members to aid him 
in any way possible. 

Presbytery took recess until 8 P. M. 

SECOND DAY— EVENING SESSION. 

Presbytery reconvened at 8 P. M. 

Rev. W. E. Hill preached a sermon from 1 Corinthians 
16:13. 

Presbytery adjourned until to-morrow morning at 9 A. M. 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 15 

THIRD DAY— MORNING SESSION. 

Presbytery reconvened at 9 A. M., and was opened with 
devotional services, conducted by Rev. E. M. Hall. 

The minutes of yesterday's sessions were read and ap- 
proved. 

A. W. Hoeny: The following communication was received 
from the Ginter Park Church, and the action of the church 
was approved : 

October 9, 1930. 
To East Hanover Presbytery: 

Fathers and Brethren. — Some time ago the session of the Ginter 
Park Presbyterian Church received a communication to the effect 
that East Hanover Presbytery had assigned Mr. A. W. Hoeny to 
membership in this church, subject to the approval of the session. 

After careful consideration of the matter, this body decided 
that it was ready to receive Mr. Hoeny into membership of the 
church, provided he wished to become a member and was willing 
to make the statement to the session that it was his purpose to 
endeavor to live a faithful Christian life. Whereupon, a letter was 
mailed to Mr. Hoeny, copy of which is hereto attached. To this 
communication we have received no reply. 

Inasmuch as the action of the Presbytery, in assigning Mr. 
Hoeny to membership in this church, was expressly stated to be 
subject to the approval of the session, we respectfully report to the 
Presbytery that we do not feel that Mr. Hoeny should be enrolled 
as a member of this church unless he complies with the conditions 
above set forth. 

Respectfully submitted, 
J. A. MacLEAN, Jr., Moderator. 
D. K. KELLOGG, Clerk of Session. 

Richmond, Va., June 18, 1930. 
Mr. A. W. Hoeny, 

315 Church Street, 
Roanoke, Va. 

Dear Mr. Hoeny. — The session of the Ginter Park Presbyterian 
Church has received an official communication from East Hanover 
Presbytery to the effect that you have been assigned to member- 
ship in this congregation, subject to the approval of the session. 
We have no way of knowing what is your attitude in the matter, 
or whether you wish to be a member of this church. The session 
desires to say to you that if you wish to unite with this church, 



16 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

and if you are willing to say to the session that you are endeavoring 
and will continue to endeavor to lead a consistent Christian life, we 
would be glad to enroll you as a member of this church. 
With kindest regards and all good wishes, 

Sincerely yours, 
J. A. MacLEAN, Jr., Moderator. 
D. K. KELLOGG, Clerk of Session. 

Candidate M. 0. Sorruners applied for licensure, and Pres- 
bytery proceeded to examine him. A Bachelor of Science De- 
gree from Perdue University was accepted in lieu of the 
examinations on academic subjects. A Bachelor of Divinity 
Degree from Union Theological Seminary was accepted in lieu 
of the examinations on the original languages of Scripture 
and on Church History. The examinations on Experimental 
Religion, Theology, the Sacraments and Church Government 
and the English Bible were sustained as satisfactory. The 
English Thesis on "The Perseverance of the Saints", the 
Exegesis of Eph. 2:1-10, and the Popular Lecture on "The 
Kingdom of God as Portrayed in Matthew" were received as 
satisfactory parts of trial. Mr. Sommers preached a sermon 
from the text, James 2 :23, and it was received as satisfactory. 
The examination as a whole was sustained as satisfactory. 
Mr. Sommers was licensed, in accordance with the Book of 
Church Order, to preach the gospel. 

Stewardship: The Committee on Stewardship presented 
the following report, which was adopted : 

Your Committee on Stewardship respectfully submits the fol- 
lowing recommendations: 

1. That the apportionment sheet for 1931-32 remains as for 
1930-31, with the following exceptions: Porter Street Church 
reduced to $1,000; Roseneath Church reduced to $50; Amelia 
Church reduced to $1,000. 

2. That Presbytery call the attention of the ministers to the 
bulletins published by the Assembly's Department of Stewardship, 
and recommend to them the use of this material in the education 
of their people with reference to the benevolent work of the 
Church according to the Progressive Program. 

3. That Presbytery endorse most heartily the recommenda- 
tion of Synod that special collections for the Presbyterian Orphanage 



MINUTE'S OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 



17 



be taken Thanksgiving Day or on the Sunday preceding or the 
Sunday following Thanksgiving Day. 

4. That Presbytery call the attention of the ministers and 
churches to the order of the Assembly, directing that special offer- 
ings be taken for Christian Education, for Foreign Missions, for As- 
sembly's Home Missions and for Religious Education in the months 
assigned to these causes. 

5. That the ministers be requested by Presbytery to remind 
their people of the Presbyterian Foundation, and recommend it 
to them as a convenient and suitable means through which to be- 
queath or distribute money to our Church institutions. There are 
four ways to distribute money through the Foundation: by direct 
gifts, by the life annuity plan, by the life insurance plan and 
through last will and testament. 



APPORTIONMENTS FOR 1931-32. 



Churches 

Aberdour 

Amelia. . 


Askings 

$ 200 00 

1,000 00 

900 00 

25 00 

500 00 

2,500 00 


Churches 

King's Chapel 

Lakeside 


Askings 

$ 40 00 

300 00 


Ashland 

Bardwell 

Bethanv 


Laurel 

Lawrenceville 

Milden 


350 00 
150 00 
400 00 


Blackstone 


Milford 

Montrose 

Namozine 

Nottowav 


150 00 


Bon Air 

Bott Memorial 


700 00 
100 00 


2,500 00 
300 00 


Brett-Reed 


300 00 


500 00 


Brunswick 


700 00 
100 00 
500 00 
400 00 
100 00 
350 00 


400 00 


Byrd 

Burkeville 

Campbell Memorial 

Centralia 

Chester 


Olivet 

Overbrook 

Petersburg, Second 
Petersburg, Third 

Porter Street 

Providence 


125 00 

2,750 00 

13,000 00 

600 00 
1,000 00 


Colonial Heights 


200 00 
150 00 
800 00 
200 00 
200 00 
250 00 
500 00 


300 00 


Drewry's Bluff 

Emporia 

Fairfield 

Fairmount 

First Czechoslovak 
Forest Hill 


Pryor Memorial 

Quinton 

Read Memorial 

Richmond, First 

Richmond, Second 
Richmond, Third 

Roseneath 

Saint James 


1,200 00 

50 00 

250 00 

10,000 00 

25,000 00 

5,000 00 


Fredericksburg 

Fulton 


3,500 00 

. 300 00 

300 00 


50 00 
100 00 


Genito 


Samuel Davies 

Sandston 

Tabb Street 

Union 

Wesley 

Westminster 


700 00 


Ginter Park 


15,000 00 


250 00 


Grace-Covenant 

Granite 


20,000 00 
200 00 


10,000 00 
200 00 


Grove Avenue 


600 00 


125 00 


Hawkin's Memorial. . 


125 00 
150 00 
600 00 


6,500 00 


Hebron 

Hopewell 


West End 


60 00 
125 00 



WM. E. HILL, Chairman. 



18 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

Home Missions: The Committee on Home Missions made 
the following report, which was adopted: 

Your Home Mission Committee records with deep sorrow the 
loss of our Superintendent, Rev. L. W. Curtis, D. D., who was 
called from his earthly field of labor to his eternal rest and re- 
ward on Saturday morning, October 11, 1930. For the past twelve 
years Dr. Curtis has directed the Home Mission work of this Pres- 
bytery with faithful, consecrated and untiring devotion to his task. 
He was the first and only Superintendent of Home Missions this 
Presbytery has had. Upon him fell the responsibility of formu- 
lating the plans and leading the work along new lines. During 
the period of his service the Home Mission work has made great 
progress throughout the Presbytery — perhaps the greatest progress 
of any period in our history. 

While your committee realizes fully the great loss that our 
Presbytery sustains in the providential calling to his reward of 
our beloved Superintendent, we bow submissively to the will of 
God, who doeth all things well, pray for divine wisdom and guidance 
in the increased responsibilities resting upon us, and dedicate our- 
selves anew to the accomplishment of our Home Mission obligations 
and responsibilities. In this we call upon all of the pastors and 
churches for their most loyal co-operation in the crisis confronting 
us. 

We are unable at this time to give a resume 1 of the Home 
Mission work for the past six months. We do know, however, 
that our pastors have been faithful and efficient, that the blessing 
of God has attended their ministry, that a number of our Home 
Mission churches have been crowded to capacity and some to over- 
flowing. 

We know also that there are a number of established churches 
that desire and need very much counsel and financial assistance 
just at this time. Then, too, there are a number of places in the 
Presbytery where churches could and perhaps should be organized 
that give promise of rapid and substantial growth. 

Since the last meeting of Presbytery, your committee, through 
its various members, has visited many of our churches and given 
such counsel and assistance as it could, and this without any ex- 
pense to Presbytery. Plans are being made to divide the respon- 
sibilities of the work among the various members of the committee, 
all of whom have volunteered their services freely and gladly 
whenever they can be of assistance. 

We would call the attention of Presbytery to the fact that last 
year we received only 56% of the amount assigned this committee 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 19 

and also appropriated for work approved by the Presbytery. Since 
April the first we have received from the churches of the Presbytery 
only $3,370.54. During this time our expenses have been $8,800.16, 
that is $5,429.62 more than our receipts. Our indebtedness to 
the Virginia Trust Company is $2,000, and our balance in the 
bank $841.72, leaving a real indebtedness of $1,158.28, plus all 
outstanding bills. 

Beginning April 1st next, our receipts from Synod's Home 
Mission Committee will be reduced 33%. This will necessitate our 
churches paying the full amount assigned this committee, in order 
to prevent the accumulation of debt and unwarranted retrench- 
ment in the work. 

Prospects are as bright as the promises of God and the pay- 
ments from our churches. Let us seek His guidance; follow 
unitedly His leadership; meet our appointments in full, and all 
shall be well. 

Semi- Annual Statement of Home Missions Committee, East Han- 
over Presbytery, Walker Scott, Treasurer. 

October 13, 1930: 
Balance from last report $3,355.60 

Received from churches: 

G inter Park Presbyterian Church 400.00 

Received from L. W. Curtis, Treasurer 2.970.54 

Interest on balances 15.74 

Executive Committee, Atlanta. Ga 900.00 

Bills payable (due Virginia Trust Co.) 2,000.00 

Total $9,641.88 

Disbursements (detailed statement filed with H. M. C.) .. $8,800.16 
Balance to credit of committee in Virginia Trust Co 841.72 

Total $9,641.88 

Recommendations. 

1. Resolved, That in the death of Rev. Lowndes W. Curtis, 
D. D., the Superintendent, the Home Mission Committee and East 
Hanover Presbytery have suffered an irreparable loss. For twelve 
years Dr. Curtis served in this position of leadership with devotion 
and efficiency. 

That the members of the committee and Presbytery bow be- 
fore Him. who doeth all things well, and humbly submit to His 



20 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

will in this sudden separation from their leader. We thank God 
for the noble service rendered by His servant in this Presbytery. 
That the Presbytery and the Home Mission Committee extend 
deepest sympathy to Mrs. L. W. Curtis and family in these hours 
of their bereavement, and commend them to the God of All Grace, 
who alone can give peace and comfort to sorrowing hearts. 

2. That the salary of Rev. L. W. 'Curtis be continued to Novem- 
ber 15, 1930. 

3. That Presbytery's Auditing Committee be authorized and in- 
structed to receive from Mrs. L. W. Curtis all papers, property and 
accounts belonging to East Hanover Presbytery, and, after making 
proper audits, to turn over to the Home Mission Committee, all 
papers, property and accounts belonging to it. 

4. That the Auditing Committee be instructed to arrange for 
the handling of the business of the Central Treasurer until the 
next Stated Meeting of Presbytery. 

5. That the Virginia Trust Company be instructed to transfer 
the account of Rev. L. W. Curtis, Treasurer, to his successor, who 
shall be named by this Auditing Committee. 

6. That our Stated Clerk be requested to notify all church 
treasurers in the Presbytery of the election of the successor to 
Rev. L. W. Curtis, furnishing them his address and requesting 
them to remit their benevolent contributions to him promptly 
each month. 

7. That the Chairman of the Home Mission Committee, Rev. 
J. E. Hemphill, be authorized to receive for the Home Mission 
Committee all papers, property and accounts belonging to it, and 
to issue instructions to Mr. Walker Scott, Treasurer of the Home 
Mission Committee, for disbursement of their funds. 

8. That the work of the Roseneath Church be continued under 
the supervision of the Session of Westminster Church until the 
Spring Meeting of Presbytery, and that an amount, not to exceed 
$120 be appropriated for it, if needed. 

9. That the Presbytery authorizes and empowers the Home 
Mission Committee of this Presbytery to indorse a negotiable note 
in the principal sum of $3,000, executed by the West End Church 
of Hopewell, acting through its officers, dated within thirty days 
after this date, which said note shall represent a loan of said 
principal sum made to the said church of Hopewell for the pur- 
pose of erecting their Sunday school building, and shall be payable 
at the bank making such loan. 

J. EDWIN HEMPHILL, Chairman. 



MINUTES OP EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 21 

SEMI-ANNUAL STATEMENT, APRIL 1-SEPTEMBER 30, 1930, 
OF L. W. CURTIS, BENEVOLENCE TREASURER. 

Receipts Askings 

Aberdour* $ 50 00 $ 200 00 

Amelia 50 00 1 , 100 00 

Ashland* 288 99 900 00 

Bardwell 25 00 

Bethany 211 68 500 00 

Blackstone 450 00 2,500 00 

Bon Air* 250 00 700 00 

Bott Memorial 100 00 

Brett-Reed Memorial 150 00 300 00 

Brunswick 700 00 

Byrd 100 00 

Burkeville* 500 00 

Campbell Memorial* 15 00 400 00 

Centralia 50 70 150 00 

Chester* 69 50 350 00 

Colonial Heights* 40 00 200 00 

Drewrv's Bluff 75 89 150 00 

Emporia* 250 00 800 00 

Fairfield 200 00 

Fairmount 127 00 200 00 

First Czecho-Slovak 55 00 250 00 

Forest Hill* 154 93 500 00 

Fredericksburg 283 85 3,500 00 

Fulton* 152 00 300 00 

Genito 30 91 300 00 

Grace-Covenant* 4,520 00 20,000 00 

Grove Avenue 600 00 

Granite 47 00 200 00 

Hawkin's Memorial* 10 00 125 00 

Hebron 150 00 

Hoge Memorial* (1929, $201.55) 301 55 800 00 

Hopewell* 107 25 600 00 

Lakeside* 222 80 300 00 

Laurel 150 00 300 00 

Lawrenceville 37 50 150 00 

King's Chapel : . . 2 10 40 00 

Milden 37 50 400 00 

Milford 32 70 150 00 

Montrose 79 00 300 00 

Namozine 52 54 500 00 

Olivet* 125 00 

Overbrook 175 00 2 , 750 00 

Petersburg, Second (1929, $1,255.53) 2,067 53 13,000 00 

Petersburg, Third* 146 57 1 ,200 00 

Porter Street 33 65 1 ,200 00 

Providence 125 00 300 00 

Pryor Memorial 60 00 1 ,200 00 

Quinton* 1 00 50 00 

Read Memorial 80 00 250 00 

Richmond, First* 1,20100 10,000 00 

Richmond, Second 898 93 30,000 00 

Richmond, Third (1929, $712.33) 2,095 23 5,000 00 

Roseneath 15 49 125 00 

Saint James* 15 00 100 00 



22 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 



Samuel Davies*. 

Sandston 

Tabb Street 

Wesley 

West End 

Westminster. . . . 
Windsor Shades. 

Individual 

Interest 





700 00 


139 99 


250 00 


1,515 00 


10,000 00 




125 00 


125 00 


125 00 


1.382 26 


6,500 00 


25 00 


75 00 


40 00 




46 97 









;,542 81 $138,000 00 



*Honor churches pay askings monthly. 

Disbursements. 

Foreign Missions $ 6 , 361 75 

Assembly Home Missions 

Christian Education and Ministerial Relief 

Religious Education 

Assembly Training School 

American Bible Society 

Synod's Home Missions 

Presbyterian Orphans' Home 

Hampden-Sydney College 

Mary Baldwin College 

Union Theological Seminary 

Danville Military Institute 

Massanetta Conference 

Sunny Side Home 

Presbytery's Home Missions 

Edgar Tufts Association 

Office expenses 



Overdraft . 



2,524 


61 


1,217 


90 


325 


68 


241 


73 


108 


21 


1,434 


12 


1,060 


97 


682 


42 


755 


31 


445 73 


90 


96 


79 


73 


190 


74 


2,970 


54 


50 


00 


39 


58 


$18,579 98 


37 


17 



$18,542 81 
L. W. CURTIS, Benevolence Treasurer. 

The Auditing- Committee made the following report, and 
it was adopted : 

The Auditing Committee of East Hanover Presbytery met at 
Richmond, Va., October 21, 1930. Present: Marshall B. Wyatt, 
Chairman; Wm. R. Miller and W. F. Stevenson. Absent: C. F. 
Cole. 

The books and accounts of L. W. Curtis, Treasurer of East 
Hanover Presbytery Benevolences, were carefully examined. Re- 
ceipts were properly banked and disbursements are supported by 
cancelled checks as per the statement following. Church treasurers 
are urged to check their accounts against the detailed statement 
of receipts made by the Benevolent Treasurer. 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 23 

April 1st, 1930, balance .00 

Receipts 4/1/30 to 9/30/30 $18,542.81 

Receipts 10/1/30 to 10/10/30 2,258.39 

Disbursements as per cancelled checks.... $18,557.65 

Balance as per Va. Tr. Co. statement 2,243.55 

$20,801.20 $20,801.20 

Checks out unpaid No. 826 4.08 

No. 844 18.25 

Error in check No. 836 .40 

Due Synod's Home Missions 22.73 

Balance as per Treasurer's book $ 2,220.82 

It was ordered that the steel letter file be stored in W. F. 
Stevenson's office; that the use of the adding machine be offered the 
Benevolent Treasurer, or if not wanted, that it be stored with the 
file; that all Home Mission Committee and Superintendent's papers 
be delivered to Rev. J. E. Hemphill; that all Stewardship papers 
be delivered to Rev. Win. E. Hill, Chairman; that all Treasurer's 
papers be delivered to the Benevolent Treasurer. 

H. H. Wells, of 1830 Berkeley Avenue, Petersburg, Va., was 
appointed 'Central Treasurer until the next Stated Meeting of Pres- 
bytery. The Treasurer is directed to continue the account with the 
Virginia Trust Company in the name of "East Hanover Presbytery 
Benevolences, H. H. Wells, Treasurer". The Treasurer is directed 
to obtain and file with the Chairman of this committee a surety 
bond for $10,000. The Treasurer is authorized to pay the premium 
on said bond from the funds of the benevolent treasury. 

MARSHALL B. WYATT, Chairman. 

WM. R. MILLER, 

W. F. STEVENSON. 

Assembly Home Missions: The Committee on Assembly 
Home Missions made the following report, and it was adopted : 

Your Committee on Assembly's Home Missions would report: 

1. That no new data since our last report has come to our 
hands, except that in the last four years the Atlanta. Committee 
has been forced to decrease appropriations to the fields to the 
amount of $119,577.00; and 

2. That unless the elders and deacons hear the call of God 
through the depression that is testing our people and accept His 



24 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

challenge, more drastic reductions in appropriations will be in- 
evitable for next year; and 

3. That the only recommendation your committee makes is 
that our pastors lay these facts before their officers and try to 
arouse them to action. 

D. P. ROGERS, 
M. C. BOWLING, 
J. C. FAW. 

Minutes of General Assembly: The Committee on the 
Minutes of the General Assembly reported the faithful attend- 
ance of the commissioners on the sessions of the Assembly, 
and that there was nothing- in the minutes requiring action 
by the Presbytery. The report was adopted. 

Religious Education: The Committee on Religious Educa- 
tion made the following report, and it was adopted. Pending 
its adoption Rev. T. K. Currie addressed the Presbytery on 
the work of Religious Education in the Presbytery. 

The Committee of Religious Education presents to Presbytery 
the following report: 

1. The General Assembly at its last meeting approved the plan 
for Young People's Work presented to it by Rev. J. L. Fairly, D. D.; 
Co-Ordinate Secretary of Religious Education, and the Assembly 
also settled the vexed question of the name to be given to young 
people's societies other than those of Christian Endeavor. The 
name of these local organizations, which are other than Christian 

Endeavor, shall be "The Young People of the ■ 

Presbyterian Church". 

2. The Synod of Virginia in its recent meeting adopted the 
report of the Synod's Committee of Religious Education, which em- 
braced mainly matters of routine. But in the action taken by 
Synod on the reorganization of the Synod's work there was one 
matter of great importance embraced in their reorganization plan 
to which attention of the Presbytery should be called. Hereafter 
all money appropriated by the General Assembly's Committee of 
Religious Education and Publication for the work within the 
bounds of the Synod of Virginia shall be turned over to the Synod's 
Committee of Religious Education, and by them divided and allo- 
cated to the various Presbyteries of the Synod. 

3. Reporting upon matters within the bounds of East Han- 
over Presbytery, following the action taken at the Spring Meeting 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 25 

of Presbytery, the five district group conferences authorized by 
the Presbytery were held during the last weeks in June. While 
several of these conferences lacked the support which they should 
have had, and the attendance upon them was disappointing, most 
of these group conferences were well attended, and the results 
from them were gratifying. 

Daily Vacation Bible Schools were held during this summer, 
both in a number of the larger churches, conducted by the local 
leaders, and in three places these schools were held under the 
direction of the workers employed by the Presbytery's Committee of 
Religious Education. While this work could have been more ex- 
tended with the promise of success, yet it was limited by the 
small appropriation available from the General Assembly's Com- 
mittee of Religious Education. The three which were held by the 
Presbytery's workers were Woodlawn, West End, Hopewell, and 
Milford. The enrollment was large and the interest was marked. 
At Hopewell, West End Church, 150 were enrolled; at Woodlawn 
Chapel, 163; at Milford, 99. 

Also the following Vacation Bible Schools were held in some 
of the churches of the Presbytery: Ashland, with 12 6 enrolled; 
Colonial Heights, with 113 enrolled; Tabb Street, Petersburg, with 
250 enrolled; Second Presbyterian, Petersburg, with 118 enrolled; 
Grace-Covenant, with 110 enrolled; Ginter Park, with 179 enrolled; 
Read Memorial, Richmond, with 65 enrolled; Laurel, with 66 en- 
rolled; Brett-Reed, 42. 

Your committee is quite sure that other churches in the Pres- 
bytery might have carried on this same work successfully, if a 
little more effort had been made to secure the leaders and to put 
through the enterprise. 

As to the further progress of the work of Religious Education 
in East Hanover Presbytery, we cannot do better than recommend 
the adoption of the following suggested program of work sent down 
to us by the Director of Religious Education for the Synod of Vir- 
ginia: 

I. Leadership Training: 

(1) An effort be made to get teachers accredited for general 
and specialization courses. 

(2) That the following schools continue: 

(a) Richmond. 

(b) Petersburg. 

(c) Blackstone. 
id) Sweet Hall. 



26 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

(3) That other schools and local training classes be held, pro- 
vided the interest warrants it. 

II. Young People's Work: 

(1) That the Synodical Conference be emphasized, and that 
the churches be requested to select their representatives. 

(2) That the Presbytery's League function through the seven 
departments of the Presbyterian Progressive Program. 

(3) That the Intermediate Camp at Massanetta be brought to 
the attention of the churches. 

III. Children's Work: 

(1) That in all the District Group Conferences the Children's 
Work be given a place on the program. 

(2) Vacation Schools in every church possible. 

IV. Organization and Extension: 

(1) That a committee be appointed in each church to promote 
the work of Religious Education, when there is not already a 
Workers' Conference to look after this matter. 

(2) That new schools be organized and conducted as outpost 
mission schools. 

The Presbytery of East Hanover has been asked by the Pres- 
bytery of Norfolk through Rev. W. W. Grover, Chairman of the 
Committee of Religious Education, to co-operate with Norfolk Pres- 
bytery in their annual Young People's Conference. This will be 
held at Jamestown Camp near Jamestown Island, the use of which 
the Presbytery of Norfolk has secured for its annual Young People's 
Conference. Your committee is not prepared to recommend this 
step on the part of East Hanover Presbytery, mainly because in 
our judgment we get better results from the attendance of our 
young people upon the Synodical Conference at Massanetta. But 
while we do not recommend the co-operation asked for by the Pres- 
bytery of Norfolk, we lay the proposition before the Presbytery for 
any further action which it may see fit to adopt. 

We recommend that the Religious Education Committee be in- 
structed to confer with the same committee from Norfolk Pres- 
bytery with a view of uniting in the Young People's Conference 
held by that Presbytery at Jamestown, and report at the Spring 
Meeting of this Presbytery. 

Suggestions: 

1st. That the Presbytery's Committee hold at least one meet- 
ing a year, at which meeting sufficient time be given to discuss 
the work of the Presbytery. 

2nd. That the Synod's Director be given an opportunity to 
meet with the Presbytery's committee. 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 27 

3rd. That at least three District Group Conferences be held 
within the bounds of the Presbytery during the year. 

4th. That careful consideration be given to the filling of all 
vacancies on the committee. 

5th. That special study be given by the Presbytery's Commit- 
tee as to how to finance the work in the Presbytery. 

6th. Special effort be given to secure the co-operation of the 
Presbyterial. 

R. A. LAPSLEY, Chairman. 

Presbytery took recess until 1 -.30 P. M. 



THIRD DAY— AFTERNOON SESSION. 

Presbytery reconvened at 1 :30 P. M. 

Country Church Work: The Committee on Country Church 
Work presented the following report, which was adopted : 

Your Committee on Country Church Work submits the follow- 
ing report: 

A study of the Minutes of the General Assembly reveals the 
fact that the country and satellite community churches occupy the 
most productive fields for evangelistic effort. Therefore, special 
endeavor should be put forth in these areas. 

If a farmer has hard ground, stony ground, thorny ground 
and good ground fields, he may desire to cultivate all of them, but 
certainly he will not neglect the good ground field. 

There were ninety country pastorates last year which received 
an average of twenty-six on profession of faith and showed a 
spiritual birth rate of 11 per cent. The continued growth of our 
city churches must depend largely upon members received by certifi- 
cate who have previously been received by profession in the rural 
churches. The success of every department of the work of the 
Church depends upon the continued promotion of the Country 
Church Work. 

We recommend. First. The adoption of a forward movement 
in evangelism in all of the town and country churches. A 3 65 
day program of evangelism is suggested. Surveys should be made, 
visitation evangelism should be practiced, cottage prayer meetings 
promoted, with an evangelistic meeting covering a period of one to 
two weeks. 

Second. That through young people's work, teacher training 
courses, etc., special attention should be given to the discovery and 
training of leadership in all our town and country churches. 



28 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

Third. That all the town and country churches be urged to use 
the Standard for Village and Country Churches, adopted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly and promoted by the Department of Country Church 
Work. 

Fourth. That our rural churches promote the Country Church 
Circulating Library, which may be secured from the Department 
of Country Church Work, Box 1176, Richmond, Va. 

Fifth. That May 10th be designated as Rural Life Sunday. 
That prayer be offered in all of our city, town and country churches 
for the people engaged in agriculture, both in America and foreign 
lands. And that a Country Church program be observed in the 
country churches with a view to emphasizing the importance of their 
task. 

(See Minutes of General Assembly, 1930, page 12.) 

M. B. WYATT, Chairman. 

Samuel Davies Church: The Committee on Calls and Sup- 
plies made a report recommending that, in accordance with 
its request, the Samuel Davies Church be permitted to employ 
Rev. S. R. Prince as stated supply until the Spring Meeting 
of Presbytery. 

The Historical Committee report was presented by Rev. 
William S. Campbell, recommending that Rev. Edward Mack 
be requested to furnish the Stated Clerk a copy of the sermon 
which he preached at the opening of the Presbytery, and that 
it be published in the Appendix to the Minutes. The report 
was adopted. 

(The sermon will be found in the Appendix.) 

Minutes of Synod: The report of the Committee on the 
Minutes of Synod was read and was placed on the docket. It 
is as follows : 

Your committee calls attention to the following sections of 
the Minutes of the Synod: 

I. 

Your Committee on Christian Education and Ministerial Relief 
would call the attention of the Synod to, the repeated endorsements 
of the Ministers' Annuity Fund by the Assembly and the Synod. The 
representatives of the Executive Committee have been working in 
this Synod during the last six months, and they report splendid 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 29 

progress towards the establishment of the fund. We are informed 
by the Louisville office that they are making every effort to complete 
the task of establishing this fund in the Synod of Virginia by the 
middle of December. In view of this we recommend: 

1. That Synod urge the Presbyteries to give this matter special 
prominence in the fall meeting in an effort to bring this most im- 
portant matter to a successful conclusion at the earliest possible 
time. 

2. That the Stated Clerk of Synod be instructed to send a copy 
of this resolution to each Presbytery at once. 

JOHN R. ROSEBRO, Chairman Pro Tern. 

II. 

The committee appointed to consider the resolution calling for 
a Synod-wide evangelistic effort would express the firm conviction 
that the whole Church of Christ should be called back to its primary 
mission of winning souls and building them up in the faith. The 
vast number of churches reporting no additions by profession of 
faith, and the consequent decrease in numbers received by profes- 
sion of faith, testifies to a loss in evangelistic passion and effort 
on the part of our churches. Your committee would recommend: 

1. That Synod would request its Presbyteries at their next 
meeting to arrange for a season of conference and prayer in which 
evangelism shall be the central theme. 

2. That a minister or layman of evangelistic fervor be asked 
to address the Presbytery on the theme of evangelism. 

3. That following this season of conference and prayer, Pres- 
bytery, as far as possible, arrange for an evangelistic effort in all 
its churches. 

4. That personal evangelism, a witnessing of each and every 
Christian, be given a large place in the conferences and in the 
evangelistic efforts that follow. 

J. C. FAW, Chairman. 
P. C. HOLLADAY, 
ABNER ROBERTSON. 

Presbyterial Records: The Committee on Presbyterial 
Records made the following report, which was adopted : 

Your Committee on Presbyterial Records has examined the 
minutes of Called Meetings: October 28, 1929, November 11, 1929, 
February 24, 1930, March 24, 1930. Spring Meeting: April 21, 
1930. Adjourned Meeting: May 13, 1930, and Called Meeting, 



30 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

June 9, 1930, and has found them correct with the following ex- 
ceptions: 

1. March 24, 193 0, page 8: W. T. Mann was not admitted to 
Presbytery until May 13. 1930, but is listed as a member. 

2. March 24, 1930, page 8: No elders are recorded as 
present. 

3. Irregularities are noted in the report of Sabbath Schools 
prepared for the General Assembly. In many cases the name of 
the postoffice or county is given instead of the name of the church. 
Several churches are omitted. Figures and statements are placed 
in the statistical columns, which are indefinite in their meaning 
and which prevent the proper totaling of the columns. 

The Stated Clerk is commended for helpfully having the sub- 
jects printed in black faced type, in spite of a few lapses noticed in 
the Called Meetings of October. November, February and March. 

M. B. WYATT, Chairman. 
W. F. STEVENSON, 
S. R. PRINCE. 

Presbyterial Sermon: The Committee on Presbyterial Ser- 
mon for the next Spring Meeting recommended that the sub- 
ject be "The Personality of God", and that the preacher be 
Rev. G. C. Bellingrath, with Rev. AV. L. Carson as alternate. 
The report was adopted. 

Thanks: The Committee on Resolutions presented a report 
expressing the thanks of the Presbytery to the pastor and 
the people of the church and community for their kindness 
and hospitality. The report was adopted, and the pastor of the 
church was requested to read it to the congregation. 

Manual: The Committee on the Manual of the Presbytery 
reported progress. Rev. J. E. Hemphill was appointed a mem- 
ber of the committee to fill the vacancy caused by the death 
of Rev. L. AV. Curtis. 

Candidates: The Special Committee on the Examination 
of Candidates for the Aiinistry made the following report, 
which was adopted : 

Without knowing what was in the mind of the Presbytery in 
appointing this committee, we have given careful consideration to 
the matter of the examination of candidates for licensure and ordi- 
nation, and make the following recommendations: 



MINUTES OP EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 3 J 

It is the opinion of your committee that many of the objec- 
tionable features of such examinations would be remedied, if the 
persons conducting the examinations were prepared for that pur- 
pose. 

Therefore, we recommend that, at a time not later than ten 
days preceding the meetings of Presbytery, the Chairman of the 
Committee on Christian Education and Ministerial Relief be directed 
to notify the Chairman of each Examining Committee as to the 
number and type of candidates to be examined, whether for 
licensure, ordination or to be received under care of Presbytery, 
etc.; that such chairmen of examining committees be requested 
to come to Presbytery prepared to conduct the examinations on the 
subjects for which they are responsible; that, if said chairmen are 
unable, for any reason, to attend the meetings of Presbytery, they 
notify some other member of their respective committees to be pre- 
pared for such examination. 

We also recommend that the Chairman of the Committee on 
Christian Education and Ministerial Relief be authorized, in ad- 
vance of Presbytery, to appoint some minister to deliver the charge 
to candidate for the ministry, in order that such charge may be 
prepared in advance. 

J. A. MacLEAN, Jr., Chairman. 

E. T. THOMPSON, 

W. R. MILLER, 

D. K. KELLOGG, 

Committee. 

Evangelism: The Committee on Evangelism reported 
progress. 

Rev. Philip Nathans: The Committee on the case of Rev. 
Philip Nathans reported the following citation, which was 
adopted and ordered sent to Mr. Nathans by registered mail: 

Rev. Philip Nathans, 

5229 Spruce Street, 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

East Hanover Presbytery of the Presbyterian Church, U. S-, 
hereby cites you to appear at a meeting on November 17th at 
1 1 o'clock in the Second Presbyterian Church of Richmond, Va. 

1st. To explain to the Presbytery your refusal to give a 
reasonable explanation of the inability of Union Theological Semi- 
nary to verify claims as to the possession of certain literary de- 



32 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

grees made by you at the time of your registration as a student 
in that institution. 

2nd. To explain to the Presbytery your reasons for having 
left the city and your home in the manner reported through the 
papers of the iState. 

3rd. To explain to the Presbytery alleged financial delin- 
quencies. 

Treasurer of Benevolences: The Auditing Committee was 
directed to require the Temporary Treasurer of Benevolences 
to furnish a suitable bond, and the Presbytery's Treasurer was 
directed to pay the premium on the bond. 

State Institutions: The Committee on Religious Work in 
State Institutions was directed to present a written financial 
report at each Spring Meeting of Presbytery. 

The following resolution Avas presented and placed on the 
docket : 

"Resolved, That the contributors to the Religious Work in 
State Institutions be requested to forward their funds to the Treas- 
urer of the Presbytery's Home Mission Committee. 

Ministerial Obligations: The Special Committee, appointed 
to consider and report on the law in regard to ministers sign- 
ing the obligations, made the following report, and it was 
adopted : 

The committee appointed to consider and report on the section 
of the Book of Church Order (Section 75), requiring all ministers 
admitted to membership to subscribe to the obligation stated in 
the above mentioned section, respectfully report that the law on 
the subject is perfectly clear, and, so far as this Presbytery is 
concerned, it is mandatory, and not optional. 

R. A. LAPSLEY, 
D. P. ROGERS, 
W. E. HILL. 

Commissioners to the Assembly: The following Commis- 
sioners to the General Assembly, to meet in May, 1931, were 
elected: Ministers— D. T. Caldwell, J. A. MacLean, N. L. 
Dennis. Alternates — 1 T. K. Currie, 2 William S. Campbell, 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY S3 

3 Abner Robertson. Ruling Elders — J. Scott Parrish, J. E. 
Pleasants, Nat Lancaster. Alternates — 1 J. G. Jefferson, 2 
B. B. Morgan, 3 E. S. Wood. 

Nomination of Commissioners: The following resolution 
was adopted : 

That at the beginning of the Fall Meeting of Presbytery a 
Committee on the Nomination of Commissioners to the General 
Assembly be appointed. This committee, having before it the 
names of those who have represented the Presbytery in the Assem- 
bly and the names of those who have not, shall nominate to the 
Presbytery twice the number of commissioners to be elected. Any 
member of Presbytery shall have the right to make additional 
nominations. 

Adjournment: After the reading and approving of the 
minutes, Presbytery adjourned with the singing of a hymn, 
prayer and the benediction, to meet in an adjourned session 
on November 17th, at 11 A. M., in the Second Church, Rich- 
mond. 

J. SCOTT PARRISH, Moderator. 

WM. S. CAMPBELL, Stated Clerk. 

HUGH FITZPATRICK, Permanent Clerk. 



Adjourned Meeting 

November 17, 1930. 

East Hanover Presbytery met pursuant to adjournment at 
11 A. M. in the Second Presbyterian Church of Richmond, with 
the Moderator, Mr. J. Scott Parrish, in the chair. The meet- 
ing was opened with prayer. 

The following members were present : 

Ministers — J. S. Albertson, G. C. Bellingrath, O. E. Buchholz, 
D. T. Caldwell, Wm. S. Campbell, W. L. Carson, J. E. Cook, S. O. 
Coxe, T. K. Currie, J. S. Duckwall, J. C. Faw, Hugh Fitzpatrick, 
R. M. Hall, J. E. Hemphill, W. E. Hill, C L. King, R. V. Lancaster, 
R. A. Lapsley, Edward Mack, A. Makovsky, W. T. McDonald, C. A. 
McGirt, J. A. MacLean, W. T. Mann, A. B. Montgomery, M. B. Por- 
ter, S. R. Prince, Michaux Raine, D. P. Rogers, J. C. Shive, G. C. 
Swedburg, E. T. Thompson, M. B. Wyatt. 

Ruling Elders — T. O. Williams, E. L. Faber, J. E. Pleasants, 
J. Scott Parrish, W. F. Stevenson, F. F. Rennie, W. M. Cease, 
H. R. Smith, R. G. Porter, R. iH. Norment, S. D. Craig. 

Letters : The Stated Clerk reported letters received from 
Mrs. L. W. Curtis and Rev. R. B. Eberly, expressing their 
appreciation of letters sent them by the Presbytery. 

State Institutions: The resolution in regard to State In- 
stitutions was taken from the docket. After discussion it was 
laid on the table. 

Superintendent of Home Missions: The Home Missions 
Committee was authorized to survey the whole matter of a 
Superintendent of Home Missions, and to report back to Pres- 
bytery; this committee was authorized also to nominate to the 
Presbytery a Superintendent of Home Missions, if the way 
be clear. 

To Borrow Money: The Presbytery's Home Missions Com- 
mittee was authorized to borrow as much as $2,000, if needed, 
to meet present obligations. Mr. Walker Scott and Rev. J. E. 
Hemphill were authorized to sign the note or notes. 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 35 

The Treasurer of Presbytery made a report, which was re- 
ferred to the Auditing Committee. 

Auditing Committee: The Auditing Committee made the 
following report, and it was adopted : 



The Auditing Committee of East Hanover Presbytery met at 
Richmond, Va., October 21, 1930. Present, Marshall B. Wyatt, 
Chairman; Wm. R. Miller and W. F. Stevenson. Absent, C. F. Cole. 

The books and accounts of L. W. Curtis, Treasurer of East 
Hanover Presbytery's Benevolences, were carefully examined. Re- 
ceipts were properly banked and disbursements are supported by can- 
celled checks, as per the statement following. Church treasurers 
are urged to check their accounts against the detailed statement 
of receipts made by the Benevolent Treasurer. 

April 1st, 1930, balance .00 

Receipts 4/1/30 to 9/30/30 $18,542.81 

Receipts 10/1/30 to 10/10/30 2,258.39 

Disbursements, as per cancelled checks. . . . $18,557.65 

Balance as per Va. Tr. Co. statement.... 2,243.55 



$20,801.20 $20,801.20 

Checks out unpaid, No. 826 4.08 

No. 844 18.25 

Error in check, No. 83 6 .40 

Due Synod's Home Missions 22.73 



Balance as per Treasurer's book $ 2,220.82 

It was ordered that the use of the adding machine be offered 
the Benevolent Treasurer, or, if not wanted, that it be stored with 
the file; that all Home Mission Committee and Superintendent's 
papers and files be delivered to Rev. J. E. Hemphill; that all 
Stewardship papers be delivered to Rev. Wm. E. Hill, Chairman; 
that all Treasurer's papers be delivered to the Benevolent Treasurer. 

H. H. Wells, of 1830 Berkeley Avenue, Petersburg, Va., was 
appointed Central Treasurer until the next Stated Meeting of 
Presbytery. The Treasurer is directed to continue the account with 
the Virginia Trust Company, in the name of "East Hanover Pres- 
bytery Benevolences, H. H. Wells, Treasurer". The Treasurer is 
directed to obtain and file with the Chairman of this committee a 



36 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 



surety bond for $10,000. The Treasurer is authorized to pay the 
premium on said bond from the funds of the benevolent treasury. 

MARSHALL B. WYATT, Chairman. 

WM. R. MILLER, 

W. F. STEVENSON. 

II. 

The following report of the Treasurer of Presbytery was re- 
ferred to us: 

Report of M. Raine, Treasurer of Synod's Entertainment Fund, 
to the Presbytery of East Hanover, in session at Blackstone, Va., 
October 13, 1930. 

Received quotas of seven cents per member from following 
churches: 



1. 




. .$ 46.76 


17. 


Grove Avenue . . . 


9.10 


2. 


Richmond, II. . . 


. . 58.94 


18. 


Nottoway 


4.62 


9 




. . 13.72 


19. 


Petersburg, II. . . 


53.69 


4. 




. . 38.45 


20. 




5.67 


5. 




. . 21.21 


21. 


Read Memorial . . 


5.18 


6. 


Grace-Covenant . 


. . 85.61 


22. 


Windsor Shades 


1.19 


7. 


Emporia 


7.35 


23. 


Sandston 


8.82 


8. 




7.84 


24. 


Tabb Street 


. . 31.26 


9. 


Providence .... 


5.95 


25. 


Burkeville 


8.12 


10. 


Campbell Mem. . . 


4.62 


26. 


Bethany 


7.28 


11. 




. . 17.64 


27. 




3.64 


12. 


Bott Memorial . . 


2.03 


28. 


Brett-Reed 


7.35 


13. 


Bon Air 


2.80 


29. 




1.47 


14. 
15. 




4.62 
4.76 










Total 


. .$474.17 


16. 


Chester 


4.48 
















.$474.17 



Disbursements. 

Postage $ 1.50 

J. A. McMurray 472.67 



$474.17 



We have carefully examined the accounts of the Treasurer of 
Synod's Entertainment Fund as of October 13, 1930. Receipts 
amounting to $474.17 were banked, and disbursements amounting 
to $474.17 are supported by cancelled checks. 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 37 

We recommend that Church Treasurers check the amounts 
reported as having been received from their churches and report 
any discrepancies to the Auditing Committee. 

MARSHALL B. WYATT, Chairman. 

W. F. STEVENSON. 

III. 

We have carefully examined the accounts of the Treasurer of 
Presbytery's Home Missions for the year ending March 31, 1930. 
Receipts amounting to $26,605.69 were banked, and disbursements 
amounting to $25,3S2.S5 are supported by cancelled checks, leaving 
a balance of $3,355.60, which agrees with the statement of the 
Virginia Trust Company. 

We recommend that the Church Treasurers check the amounts 
reported as having been received from their churches and report 
any discrepancies to the Auditing Committee. 

MARSHALL B. WYATT, Chairman. 

W. F. STEVENSON. 

Colonial Heights : A call for the pastoral services of Licen- 
tiate M. 0. Sommers, promising a salary of $700 a year, was 
presented by the Colonial Heights Church. It was placed in 
his hands, and he expressed his willingness to accept the call. 

M. O. Sommers: The Presbytery accepted the examination 
of Mr. Sommers for licensure in place of the usual examina- 
tion for ordination. The following commission was appointed 
to ordain and install him on December 7th: Rev. Edwaid 
Mack, to preside and propound the constitutional questions ; 
Rev. D. T. Caldwell, to preach the sermon ; Rev. J. E. Hemp- 
hill, to deliver the charge to the pastor ; Rev. M. B. Wyatt, 
to deliver the charge to the people ; Ruling Elders H. H. Wells 
and T. O. Williams. 

Minutes of Synod: The report of the Committee on the 
Minutes of Synod was taken from the docket. The first section 
of this report was referred to the Committee on the Ministers' 
Annuity Fund, and the second section was referred to the 
Committee on Home Missions. 

Rev. George L. Cooper: The commission to install Rev. 
George L. Cooper pastor, of Overbrook Church made the fol- 
lowing report, which was approved : 



38 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

The commission met in the study of Overbrook Presbyterian 
Church, Richmond, Ya., Sunday, October 26th, at 7:45 o'clock P. M. 
to install the Rev. George L. Cooper, pastor of Overbrook Presby- 
terian Church. 

The following members were present: Dr. Edward Mack, Dr. 
Charles L. King, Dr. W. E. Hill and the Rev. M. B. Porter, Elders 
Samuel B. Love and W. M. Cease. Mr. John H. Reed, elder of 
Ginter Park Presbyterian Church, and member of commission, was 
confined to his home on account of sickness, and could not meet 
with the commission. 

The Rev. Edward Mack, D. D., presided and made the open- 
ing prayer. Elder W. M. Cease, of Overbrook Church, was elected 
Secretary. Organization of the commission was as follows: Dr. 
Edward Mack, of Union Theological Seminary, presiding and pro- 
pounding the constitutional questions: Dr. Charles L. King, of 
Grace-Covenant Church, to preach the sermon: Dr. W. E. Hill, of 
the Second Presbyterian Church, to charge the pastor; the Rev. 
M. B. Porter to charge the congregation; Elder Samuel B. Love, 
of the Second Presbyterian Church, to make the opening prayer. 
The newly installed pastor, the Rev. George L. Cooper, to pronounce 
the benediction. 

The church was crowded, both auditorium and gallery, and 
beautifully decorated with palms, ferns and cut flowers. Special 
music was rendered by the choir. Marked attention was given the 
entire service. It was really an inspiring and uplifting occasion. 
After the benediction pastor and people had a wholesome and 
genuine reception. 

The commission at the close of the service retired to the study 
and were called to order by Dr. Mack. Minutes were approved, 
and Dr. King closed the meeting with prayer. 

YY. M. CEASE. Secretary. 

Fulton Church: At the request of Killing Elder E. L. 
Faber. of the Fulton Church, the Home Missions Committee 
was directed to look into the financial condition of that church. 

Rev. "William S. Campbell was appointed Moderator of the 
session of that church, until the church secures a pastor. 

Memorials: On motion of Rev. William S. Campbell, the 
Presbytery adopted the following rule : 

Whenever a minister of this Presbytery dies the Stated Clerk 
shall promptly notify the Moderator of the Presbytery and the 
Moderator shall appoint, as soon as practicable, a committee to pre- 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 39 

pare a memorial of the deceased member of Presbytery and report 
it at the next meeting of the Presbytery. 

Rev. Philip Nathans: The Stated Clerk reported that, in 
accordance with the instruction of the Presbytery, he had for- 
warded to Rev. Philip Nathans the citation adopted by the 
Presbytery at its last meeting; that he had received the post- 
office receipt for his registered letter signed by Mr. Nathans ; 
but that he had had no further communication from Mr. 
Nathans. 

On motion of Rev. W. E. Hill the following resolution 
was adopted : 

That the following formal charges be preferred by the Pres- 
bytery of East Hanover against Rev. Philip Nathans: 

1. (1). Contumacy. 

(2). Conduct unbecoming a minister of the Gospel. 

2. That a prosecutor be appointed to prepare the indictment 
and conduct the trial. 

3. That Mr. Nathans be formally cited to make answer to the 
indictment at an Adjourned Meeting of East Hanover Presbytery on 
January 12, 1931. at 11 A. M., in the Second Presbyterian Church, 
Richmond, Va. 

Rev. C. L. King was appointed prosecutor, and was in- 
structed to draw up the indictment against Mr. Nathans and 
forward it to him. The time fixed for the trial is January 
12, 1930, at 11 A. M. in the Second Presbyterian Church of 
Richmond. 

The minutes were read and approved, and Presbytery ad- 
journed with prayer, to meet January 12, 1931. in the Second 
Church, Richmond. 

J. SCOTT PARRISH. Moderator. 
WM. S. CAMPBELL, Stated Clerk. 



Appendix 

HANOVER PRESBYTERY. 

Address at the Convening- of East Hanover Presbytery, on the 

Approaching One Hundred and Seventy-fifth Anniversary of 

the Organization of Hanover Presbytery. 

By Rev. Edward Mack, D. D. 

"Elisha died, and they buried him. Now the bands of the 
Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year. And it 
came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied 
a band of men; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of 
Elisha; and as soon as the man touched the bones of Elisha, he 
revived, and stood up on his feet." 2 Kings 13:20, 21. 

On the third clay of the coming December one hundred and 
seventy-five years will have passed since the organization of Hanover 
Presbytery. We are turning our thoughts back to that event of 
the distant past, in the expectation that out of the retrospect will 
come a message for the Presbytery today. 

Present day emphasis is on present practicalities and future 
possibilities. Seldom now do we turn to the past with its memorials 
and ideals. But in every life there must of necessity be three 
elements: the past, the present and the future. And memorial, or 
turning to the past, may be one of the truest practicalities. Re- 
counting of noble names, stirring events, heroic deeds may bring 
inspiration and spiritual motive power to us, who face present and 
coming realities. So did the bones of a dead prophet bring re- 
vival to the dead body, which touched them. 

Returning to such a past we are conscious that the ground 
beneath our feet is holy ground. Great hearts and grand deeds have 
hallowed it. And men treading holy ground cannot but hold their 
souls in reverence, and keep their ears quick for the challenge of 
those sacred voices of the past, which time will never hush. His- 
tory was made here and in these counties around us. Prophets 
of the Lord wrought and spoke where we now move and live. 
We may revive our flagging spirits while we recount their daring 
and devotion. 

The order of the Synod of New York, on October 3, 1755, for 
the erection of the new Presbytery was as follows: 

"A petition was brought into the Synod, setting forth the 
necessity of erecting a new Presbytery in Virginia; the Synod there- 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 4J 

fore appoint the Rev. Samuel Davies, John Todd, Alexander Craig- 
head, Robert Henry, John Wright and John Brown, to be a Pres- 
bytery, under the name of the Presbytery of Hanover, and that 
their first meeting shall be in Hanover, on the first Wednesday of 
December next, and that Mr. Davies open said meeting by a sermon; 
and that any of the members settling to the southward and west- 
ward of Mr. Hogge's congregation, shall have liberty to join said 
Presbytery of Hanover." 

The record of the actual organization was written as follows: 

"lHanover, Dec. 3rd. The Presbytery of Hanover met accord- 
ing to the above constitution and appointment. Mr. Davies, Mod- 
erator, and Mr. Todd, Clerk. Ubi post preces sederunt, Samuel 
Davies, John Todd, Robert Henry and John Wright, ministers; 
Samuel Morris, Alexander Joice, John Malloy, Elders. Messrs. Craig- 
head and Brown absent. Mr. Davies being sick, requested Mr. 
Todd to preach for him, and accordingly the Presbytery was opened 
by him with a sermon from Zachariah the 4th, 7th ("Who art 
thou, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a 
plain; and he shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with shout- 
ings, crying grace, grace unto it"). 

Before the erection of Hanover Presbytery two separate and 
rival Presbyteries had penetrated the territory now to be occupied 
by Hanover Presbytery: Donegal Presbytery of the Old Light Synod 
of Philadelphia, which extended up the Valley as far as Western 
North Carolina and what is now Eastern Tennessee; and New 
Castle Presbytery of the New Light Synod of New York, which 
extended southward from "Mr. Hogge's congregation", near Win- 
chester, through North Carolina and into South Carolina. When 
Hanover Presbytery was erected there were included in it two 
ministers, Alexander Craighead and John Brown, and some churches 
from the Valley. There appear to have been only three ministers 
in the Virginia extension of Donegal Presbytery: Samuel Black, 
John Craig and Alexander Miller. These became members of Han- 
over Presbytery in 1758 when the Synods of Philadelphia and New 
York were reunited. From that time onward this Presbytery 
extended southward through the Carolinas, and westward as far 
as Virginia and North Carolina claimed territory reaching to the 
Mississippi, and touching the Great Lakes. So that in theory and 
expectation old Hanover Presbytery covered the South and included 
the Middle West, known then as Virginia's "Northwest Territory". 
This large extension westward was maintained as late as 1788, when 
it was included in the newly erected Synod of Virginia. 

In 1770 the Presbytery of Orange was set off from Hanover. 
The new Presbytery included North Carolina and a large part of 



42 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

South Carolina. About the same time the Presbytery of South 
Carolina, which centered around Charleston and had been inde- 
pendent of the Presbyterian organizations to the north of it, came 
into fellowship with Orange and Hanover under the general Synod. 
At the constitution of the General Assembly in 1788, or in order 
thereto, the Presbytery of Lexington was set off, and the Synod 
of Virginia was erected, including Hanover, Orange and Lexington, 
and extending from South Carolina to the Great Lakes. 

It is fitting that we should call again the roll of those who 
met to organize our venerable Presbytery. The first in order of 
enrollment and of pre-eminence was Samuel Davies. He was of 
Welsh Baptist descent, his parents living in Delaware. His cousin 
was the grandfather of Jefferson Davis. The ancestors of the Con- 
federacy's President moved into the South through the influence of 
Samuel Davies, for whom the President's father was named. The 
childhood of Samuel Davies was handicapped by illness and poverty. 
He came early under the dread menace of tuberculosis, to which 
he fell a victim at the age of thirty-six. In view of his frail 
and diseased body, his wide and incessant labors, his patient and 
thorough work as student seem almost incredible. His lack of 
funds, with which to secure an education, was supplied by a 
special providence. A gift from the congregation of the Hanover 
Reading House made to William Robinson in 1743, in gratitude 
for his blessed ministry of four days to them, was given by him to 
Samuel Davies, who came to Hanover County, after his ordination 
to pay a debt of gratitude. So clearly did providence both open 
the door of entrance and equip His minister to enter one of the 
widest and richest fields of evangelistic service in the history of 
the American Church. 

Mr. Davies was a man of handsome and impressive presence. 
He was gifted with a voice of power and mellow richness. His pas- 
sion was to evangelize the needy, but his poise and balance, his 
culture and graces made him the equal of the highest classes in 
the society of his day. His ministerial labors extended into nearly 
a dozen counties of Virginia. Seven meeting houses were erected 
for him in five counties; and these were too small for the throngs 
which crowded to hear him. In the early years of his ministry more 
than three hundred souls were brought into the Kingdom. More 
than two hundred families were under his pastoral care. In his 
day Presbyterianism was stronger than it is today in a dozen Vir- 
ginia counties. And yet, while traveling over this so extensive a 
pastoral charge, and preaching almost daily, he nevertheless found 
time to direct the ministerial education of young candidates, who 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 43 

were to become shepherds of these outpost flocks, or to become 
missionaries to the Carolinas and Kentucky. 

When called upon to defend in Virginia courts his own and 
his people's rights as honest dissenters, he was more than a match 
for the ablest legal talent of the colony. He plead their cause 
with the wisdom of a trained barrister, and with the skillful tact 
of an experienced advocate. In his correspondence with Virginia 
clergy and Church of England prelates, in behalf of all Virginia 
dissenters, he 'displayed the transparent clearness and the sound 
logic of a great intellect, as also the admirable tact of an accom- 
plished statesman. Jefferson and Henry and Madison wrought out 
the final draft of religious liberty in Virginia; but Davies was its 
brave pioneer and apostle. He marked so well the way along which 
they moved to final achievement. 

Such was the Presbyterian Apostle of Virginia, the greatest of 
her dissenters, the first name on the roll of Hanover Presbytery. 
The eminent Baptist, Whitsitt, named him "The foremost young 
minister of his time". Born in 1724, he entered into life ever- 
lasting in 1761, having completed in those brief years tasks which 
might well have filled the lives of many men. Let us hold in 
grateful memory that here and in these counties around served 
this country parson, who was also the foremost preacher of America. 

Next in honor to Davies, Samuel Morris, a zealous and efficient 
elder, deserves grateful recollection in connection with the organi- 
zation of the Presbytery. We do not know about the early life of 
Samuel Morris, what his antecedents were, nor what his station in 
life was. One tradition presents him as a brickmason, another 
makes him a wealthy planter. This much may be assumed as 
true: that he was a man of intellectual strength and of considerable 
culture, for he was in wide demand as a speaker and reader in the 
great revival in Hanover and adjacent counties. He must also have 
been possessed of independent means, to be able to build the meet- 
ing houses which are credited to him. 

Nor do we know just when and how he was converted to Christ. 
We can imagine that one day as he labored or as he journeyed 
Christ appeared to him and said, "Samuel, to-day I shall abide at 
thy house", as He had said of old time to Zacchaeus. And from 
that day forth the house of Samuel Morris became the home of 
Christ. When the group of neighbors which gathered each Sab- 
bath in his home to inquire the way of life, grew beyond the limits 
of his house, he built on his land a reading house for the increasing 
congregations. And when this grew too small in its turn, he built 
yet a larger meeting house. It was in this house, built by Morris, 
that the Word of God preached by William Robinson in 1743 had 



44 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

free course, from which also the Word as preached by Samuel 
Davies went abroad through all Virginia. Here in Morris' reading 
house the Hanover Presbyterian Church was organized, and here 
also in December, 1755, the Presbytery of Hanover was consti- 
tuted, for the Pole Green Church was not built until two years 
later. The name of this noble elder deserves remembrance by us 
of today. He may have been plebeian in physical origin, but he 
was of princely soul. He belonged to that godly company of 
spiritual noblemen, who out of weakness were made strong by 
faith, and turned to flight the lawyers of the Anglicans. 

Among the early associates of Davies and Morris was John 
Todd, scholar, teacher and preacher, first pastor of Old Providence 
Church, instructor of David Rice and Waddell. Along with them 
and after them came a noble company of prophets: Craighead 
and Brown and Graham in the hills, and Waddell and Alexander 
and the Rices and Whites and Hoges and Smiths and Lacys of the 
Midlands. No age nor Church in America had an abler, more 
balanced, more eloquent group of ministers than that goodly com- 
pany of Hanover Presbytery's men in its first half century. 

Record should also be made here of some of the blessed and 
abiding influences which went out into all of our Southland from 
a Presbytery which had its birth so evidently in Divine Grace. Han- 
over was not the first Presbytery to be organized in the South. 
The Presbytery of James Island, in and around Charleston, was in 
existence as early as 1722. This body grew into the Presbytery 
of South Carolina before being united with the General Synod some 
time shortly after 1770. With this exception Hanover Presbytery 
covered all the territory from Maryland southward to Florida, west- 
ward to the Mississippi, and northwestward to the Great Lakes. 
From its earliest existence the Presbytery made earnest endeavor 
to meet the spiritual needs of such sections of its vast territory 
as had been settled. Young men were trained and ordained to 
be missionaries to the Indians. Henry Patillo and Hugh McAden 
were set apart for missionary and supply work in North Carolina. 
William Richardson, trained in the home of Samuel Davies, became 
the beloved pastor of old Waxhaw Church, the church of Andrew 
Jackson's childhood. He made evangelistic tours in upper South 
Carolina, organizing several of its important churches. McAden 
might be called the Presbyterian Apostle of North Carolina. Alex- 
ander Craighead, after a ministry at Windy Cove in the hill coun- 
try of Hanover Presbytery, moved on to a pastorate in Rocky 
River and Sugar Creek Churches in the Mecklenburg district of 
North Carolina. From Philadelphia all along to Mecklenburg Craig- 
head preached civil as well as religious liberty, making Charlotte a 



MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 45 

harnet's nest' for Cornwallis and his lieutenants. Hezekiah James 
Balch, son-in-law of Craighead, was his co-laborer in the neighbor- 
ing congregation of Poplar Tent. Cowpens and King's Mountain, 
turning points in the American Revolution, were inspired and won 
by the sons of Hanover. Hanover sent the Balches to East Ten- 
nessee to build churches and schools. Two of her sons, David 
Rice and John Todd, Jr., were pioneers of Kentucky Presby- 
terianism. Two of the Hoges held important pastorates in Ohio, a 
part of Hanover Presbytery in the eighteenth century. The early 
ministers of Hanover built colleges in Virginia, and blazed the path 
along which Henry, Jefferson and Madison moved to the establish- 
ment of religious liberty in Virginia. 

This is not supposed to be a history of Hanover Presbytery 
but only a call to remembrance. But before bringing this frag- 
mentary sketch of early Hanover to conclusion, it is necessary that 
we should remind ourselves of one other feature, possibly the essen- 
tial feature, of the origin of this Presbytery. It began in a gracious 
and abiding revival of religion. The young Presbytery, with its 
ministers, was not connected with the Old Light Synod of Phila- 
delphia, but was set apart and erected by the New Light Synod 
of New York. One of the chief points of controversy between 
these two branches of the American Presbyterian Church was the 
evangelistic message which was being proclaimed by Whitefield, the 
Tennents, the Blairs, Craighead, Robinson and Davies. In reality, 
the Hanover ministers were neither Old nor New Light, but True 
Light. They were preaching with reverence, orderliness and elo- 
quence, without fanatical excesses, the glorious Gospel which saves 
men from sin and hell. The power of the Spirit of God gave 
marvelous effect to their message. 

At the beginning of the eighteenth century gross spiritual 
darkness had settled upon all the English speaking peoples. The 
seventeenth century had been an era of discovery and coloniza- 
tion, of exploration and achievement. Then came a time of re- 
action, of relaxation, of moral and religious decay. But God Him- 
self graciously intervened before that dark century was half past, 
to bring light into darkness, and to clarify the heavy atmosphere 
of doubt and dereliction. A world revival sprang up. Far and 
■wide, in many places, without collusion or communication, there 
came the Great Awakening. Whitefield and Wesley were its 
apostles, and Davies was one of its major prophets. Hanover 
County became the scene of one of the most remarkable manifesta- 
tions of that world revival. Here men were hearing and believing 
even without a pracher. To this great opportunity God in grace 
and wisdom brought his well prepared servant, Samuel Davies. 



46 MINUTES OF EAST HANOVER PRESBYTERY 

In Hanover Morris and his neighbors and Davies were well met, 
and beginning from their meeting house the Word went everywhere 
and was glorified. 

Another dull, dark period has come upon our world. We 
also are under the shadow of doubt and sin. May we, the fol- 
lowers and heirs of those founders and fathers of our Presbytery, 
be filled and fired with that faith and zeal by which they wrought 
righteousness. From Hanover once more may there go forth 
throughout all the wide territory, which was once her spiritual 
domain, blessed and reviving influences, which shall bring near the 
Kingdom of our Lord.